典型例题

知识点解析

  1  I don’t think the watch will ______ much. It is ______ 30 dollars at most.

  Acost; worth    Bworth; cost   Ctake; cost   Dneed; worth

  解析: cost一词意为“价值(多少钱)”或“花费(金钱、时间、劳力等)”。它的主语是物,可接双宾语。worth是形容词,意为“价值”、“值得……”,后接名词或动名词。

  答案 A

  2 How can the problem be solved?

    Well, we must ______ it to the president’s own judgment.

  Adepend     Bsuggest       Cexpect     Dleave

  解析 leaveto one’s judgment意为“把……交给……去决定”。

  答案 D

  3  “Can’t you read?” she said ______ to the notice.

  Aangrily pointed            Bangrily pointing

  Cand point angrily          Dangrily pointed

  解析 现在分词短语在句中用作状语,表示方式或伴随行为,其逻辑主语必须与句子的主语保持一致。例如:

  1It’s very easy to solve such problems, using computers. 用计算机来解决这类问题很容易。

  2He stood at the gate, waiting for his friend from abroad. 他站在大门口,等着从国外回来的朋友。

  答案 B

  ______ did you like his speech?

     Not bad, but didn’t agree with ______ he did.

  AWhat; that   BHow; everything  CWhy; what  DHow; anything

  解析like在该题中为动词,其后有宾语speech,故应用How;由语境“not bad, but…”可知下句表示部分否定。

  答案 B

  5  Detailed instructions are ______ in the booklet, ______ the way you get there.

  Aincluding; included      Bincluded; including

  Cincluding; including     Dincluded; included

  解析 句意为“细节的说明被包含在小册子,包括你到那里的方式”,第一空instructioninclude是动宾关系,应用included,第二空including为介词,意为“包括、包含”。

  答案 B

  6  I called ______ his house, but he wasn’t in. So I left a message telling him I would call ______ him the next day.

  Aon; on         Bat; at         Cat; on         Don; at

  解析 call作为及物动词常用call sb.,意思是“给某人打电话”。作为不及物动词时意为“拜访”,“拜访某人”用call on;“拜访某地”用call at

  答案 C

  7  He gains his ______ by printing ______ of famous writers.

  Awealth, work             Bwealths, works

  Cwealth, works            Dwealths, work

  解析 wealth意为“财富”,是不可数名词,works表示“著作、作品”。故选C

  答案 C

  8 Here is your letter, Jane, I fetched it.

      You’re so kind!

       ______. By the way, don’t forget tonight’s meeting.

  ADon’t mention it   BNothing important

  CNo problem         DIt doesn’t matter at all

  解析 Don’t mention it用以表示不必道谢,道歉等。“You’ re so kind!”意为“谢谢”。

  答案 A

  9  With ______ I realized that I had won.

  Aa thrill  Bthrills  Ca excitement   Dexcitements

  解析 thrill作“兴奋,激动”讲时是可数名词,据题意“我意识到自己获得胜利,心里一阵激动”,该处应用单数形式a thrill,而excitement作“兴奋,激动”讲是不可数名词。

  答案 A

  10 They sit in a car that “falls” from a tall tower and they scream their ______ down to a safe landing.

  Aroad       Bway         Ctrack         Dpath

  解析 句意为“他们坐在一个小汽车里,这个小汽车从一个高塔下落下,他们一路尖叫着安全地着落了”。scream one’s way意为“尖叫,狂叫着前进;一路尖叫”。相类似的用法还有feel one’s way(摸索着走),fight one’s way(奋勇前进),force one’s way(挤着向前走);wind one’s way(曲折前进)。

  答案 B

  11  If you don’t want to ______ me your new bike, I’ll ______ one from Mary.

  Aborrow; borrow     Blend; lend   

  Clend; borrow      Dborrow; lend

  解析 本题主要区别lendborrow,题意是:如果你不愿把自行车借给我,我会向玛丽借。答案 C

  12  A burning cigarette he threw into the wastepaper basket ______ fire to the hotel.

  Amade         Bset          Ccaused          Dcaught

  解析 make a fire“生火”,cause a fire“引起火灾”,set fire to= seton fire“纵火于……,放火”。

  答案 B

  13  No matter how frequently ______, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences.

  Aperforming Bperformed Cto be performed Dbeing performed

  解析  whenwhile等引导的状语从句,如果从句的主语与主句的主语是同一人或事物,可省略从句的主语及be。本句中贝多芬的被反复表演,可见分词与句子的主语之间是被动关系,应该用过去分词,故答案为B

  答案 B

  14  The reason ______ he was late was ______ he had taken a wrong bus.

  Awhybecause   Bforbecause of   Cwhythat   Dforthat

  解析先行词reason后接定语从句应用why引导也可以使用for which,这时其后的表语从句不能用because引导,虽然because可以引导表语从句,但其主语不能为reason。如:

  That’s because ten years of hard work. 那是由于十年的艰辛劳动的缘故。

  that引导表语从句,解释reason的内容。

  答案 C

  选题角度:

  本素材是挑选出考查本单元语言点的选择题进行例题解析,通过对具体例题的A,B.C.D四个选项所涉及的所有知识点作详细的解说点拨,使学生进一步掌握和巩固好本单元的语言点,提高他们的学习能力。

误点批答

  1我迟到了,老师生气了。

  误:The teacher got angry with my being late.

  正:The teacher gotbecameangry about my being late.

  正:The teacher gotbecameangry with me for my being late.

  解析 表示“生某人的气”,可用beget, become, growangry withatsb.;表示“因某事而生某人的气”,可在sb.后加上for介词短语;表示“因什么事或对什么事而生气”,应用beget, become, growangry aboutatsth.,但不能用with。当然,有时一句话可采用不同的表达方式。如:

  他对我说的话很生气。

  He grew angry ataboutmy words.

  He got angry withatme for my wordsfor what I had said.

  He was angry to hear my wordswhat I had said.

  2她设法说服我戒了烟。

  误:She tried to persuade me from stopping smoking.

  正:She managed to persuade me into stopping smoking.

  正:She managed to persuade me to stop smoking.

  解析 误句中有两处错误:①try to do意为“设法做某事”,但不一定会成功,而manage to do则意为“设法做成了某事”,强调结果。②“说服了某人做某事”可用persuade sb. to do sth.persuade sb. into doing sth.,其中into不可换用别的介词。

  3我在这儿吸烟你不介意吧?

  误:Would you mind me to smoke here?

  正:Would you mind my smoking here?

  正:Would you mind if I smoke here?

  解析 WouldDoyou mind后须接动名词作宾语,意为“做某事你介意吗?”;若说“我做某事你介意吗?”可在动名词前加物主代词my,但不能用me to do结构,也可用if引导的条件状语从句。

  4我们认为外语是有用的工具。

  误:We consider a foreign language being a useful tool.

  正:We consider a foreign language to be a useful tool /as a useful tool.

  解析 表示“认为某人或某事物是……”时,宾语后可以接名词、不定式或“as…”短语作宾语,但不能接分词作宾语。如:

  She considered himto bea fool /as a fool. 她认为他是个傻瓜。

  上面(正)句也可以用被动语态。即:A foreign language is consideredto bea useful tool /as a useful tool.

  5你还有什么话要说吗?

  误:Do you have anything more to be said?

  正:Do you have anything more to say?

  解析 动词不定式作定语时,如果主语是动词不定式动作的执行者,不定式常用主动结构。如不是,该不定式要用被动结构。如:Tomorrow I am going to Beijing. Do you have anything to be taken there?

  6你给她回信了吗?

  误:Have you replied her letter?

  正:Have you replied toansweredher letter?

  解析 作“回信;回答问题”等解时,reply是不及物动词,后须加to再接名词,而answer是及物动词,直接接名词。reply作及物动词用时,后须接从句,若reply后接某人,须在某人前加to。如:

  I replied to her that I would accept her invitation. 我回答她说我将接受她的邀请。

  摘自:《读想用》

  选题角度:本素材是依据本单元出现的语言点进行正误例题解析,通过学生日常学习中对本单元语言点的误用作详细的解说点拨。使学生对英语学习中常常出现语法错误进行更深的理解,从而进一步巩固所学得知识。

高考题解析

  1 ______ from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes.

  ASuffered  BSuffering  CHaving suffered  DBeing suffered

  解析 状语是for years,要用现在分词的完成时。经受了多年心脏病折磨的痛苦,怀特教授无论走到哪里都不得不随身带着药。

  答案 C

  22003高考春招题)

  The manager, ______ his factory’s products were poor in quality, decided to give his workers further training.

  Aknowing     Bknown      Cto know       Dbeing known

  解析 know”是the manager发出的动作,因此二者之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系,故应选择现在分词作状语。

  答案 A

  31999NMET

  Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls?

  Yes. They have better players. So I ______ them to win.

  Ahope      Bprefer     Cexpect       Dwant

  解析 hope不接不定式作的补,prefer, expect, want三个词虽都接不定式作宾补,但意思上有差别:prefer sb. to do sth.意为“宁愿……”;want sb. to do sth.意为“想要……”;而expect则含有“预料、预期”(to think that something will happen),与上文They have better players意思吻合。

  答案 C

  4  He sent me an E-mail, ______ to get further information.

  Ahoped      Bhoping      Cto hope       Dhope

  解析 现在分词hoping表示与send me an E-mail同时发生的动作。不定式作目的状语时,其正确形式是:He sent me an E-mail, to get further information.

  答案 B

  52001 NMET

  ______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the water.

  AHaving suffered   BSuffering   CTo suffer   DSuffered

  解析 题干already暗示suffer的动作已在谓语动作之前发生。由于前半句是阐明后半句too late的原因,故用现在分词完成时作状语。本题中分词的逻辑主语,并非句子主语it,而隐含在句子的宾语river中,这种特殊情况,在英语中也是常见的。如:Falling off the bike, the teacher’s leg was hurt.falling的逻辑主语暗含在主语的定语the teacher之中。)

  答案 A

  62001NMET

  As we joined the big crowd, I got ______ from my friends.

  Aseparated      Bspared       Clost        Dmissed

  解析 四个动词只有separatedfrom连用,getbeseparated from表示“……同……分开”,其句型结构与词义均与题干相吻合。

  答案 A

  7______ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.

  AHaving suffered    BSuffering    CTo suffer    DSuffered

  解析 already一词可知,要用现在分词的完成式。由于已经受到如此严重的污染,现在清理河道可能太晚了。

  答案 A

  82002上海高考题)

  Though ______ money, his parents managed to send him to university.

  Alacked    Blacking of     Clacking     Dlacked in

  解析 本题考查lack(缺少)的用法以及“连词+现在分词”作状语。lack用作及物动词,直接接宾语;用作不及物动词,常接介词forbe lacking in表示缺乏某种品质、性格等,后接抽象名词;名词lack后则接of。本题应选现在分词lacking作状语,money直接作lacking的宾语。

  答案 C

  9 The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks ______ that he had enjoyed his stay here.

  Ahaving added     Bto add      Cadding      Dadded

  解析 现在分词表示伴随情况。来访的总理对他的会谈表示满意。他又说,他在这儿过得很愉快。

  答案 C

  10 Why are you walking so anxiously?

     I’m ______ the result of my exam.

  Awaiting for    Bhoping      Cwishing       Dexpecting

  解析 hopewish通常不直接接名词(多与for搭配后再接名词),wait for虽作“等”解,但只客观表述“等”的行为,而expect则含有“期待”的心理。

  答案 D

  111998 NMET

  European football is playing in 80 countries, ______ it the most popular sport in the world.

  Amaking      Bmakes       Cmade         Dto make

  解析 makeplay是两个同时发生的动作。该句countries后无连词and;表明makeplay不是并列谓语,排除BC。因make是伴随play发生的另一个动作,故该用现在分词making作伴随状语。

  答案 A