典型例题

易混词语例题分析

   Iwish...;may...

   1I _____ you every success

   2I heartily _____ a good health to you

   3_____ you have a good journey

   4_____ the new year bring you all year heart desires

   分析:这两个词作动词用时都表“祝愿”之意,只是用法上有所不同。wish后接双宾语;may后接复合宾语或宾语从句,后接复合宾语时其宾语后的宾语补足语为不带to的动词不定式,后接宾语从句时其从句中的谓语动词应为虚拟语气,即should +动词原形。

   Key:1wish2wish3May4 May

   IIexcuseforgivepardon

   1Beg your _____

   2_____ me for being late

   3He _____ for my being rude

   4You are _____

   分析:当“原谅”讲的excuse语气较轻,宾语一般是指有过错、疏忽、或犯过失的人,常用于口语中;forgive pardon有时可互换,但前者往往指在免于惩罚和追究之外,还含有进一步的不计后账、从心里宽恕等意思。

   Key:1pardon2Excuse3forgave4forgiven

   IIIlookseewatchnoticeobserve

   1She has _____ the stars for many years

   2I signed to my teacherbut he didn't even _____ me

   3I like _____ TV at home on Sundays

   4I _____ but _____ nothing

   分析:关于“看”的说法如下:look表有意无意地用眼看,比see更强调动作;see更强调看的结果,也可表多种意义的看,如看电影、戏剧、朋友、医生、房子或看某事进展的情况;watch表示用眼睛仔细认真跟踪运动着的目标,也可用来表示观看,如看电视、看球赛等;notice表用眼或其他感官感觉、注意;observe指用眼看到并注意到,认真地看、观察。

   Key.(1observed2notice3 watching4lookedsaw

   IVbe offbe away be outbe back

   1He said he would _____ from Beijing that afternoon

   2—Is MrSmith in

        —Nohe_____

   3I haven't _____ from home before

   4—When are you leaving

        —I _____ on Sunday

   分析:be off意为离开、走开be away不在、离开be out出去、在外be back返回、回来

   Key:1be back2is out3been away4will be off

   选题角度:

   本题是对wish...;may...;excuseforgivepardon lookseewatchnoticeobserve be offbe away be outbe back ;等几组常见同义词组的辨析和例题解析,对帮助学生正确区分与运用这些词语有很大帮助。可以作为教师课堂重点讲解或课后补充,供教师参考使用。

教材考点例题分析

   1GoodbyeGood luck

   【考点】当得知别人要做某事时或分别之时,我们常用Good luck!来表示良好的祝愿,以示礼貌。

   【考例】—I'm taking my driving test tomorrow

       _____

   ACheers  BGood luck

   CCome on DCongratulations

   【简析】“明天要参加驾照考试”,事情还没有发生,不能用Congratulations!或Cheers!表示祝贺、欢呼,为时过早了。Come on!意为赶快,加油,多用来催促别人,没有用Good luck!得体,表达对此事的祝愿。故选B

   2Can I give him a message

   【考点】message意为音信、口信、消息、留言,构成的短语常见的有:takehavea message for sb给某人捎个口信leave give a message to sb给某人留个信儿,留言

   【考例】If by any chance someone comes to see meask them to leave a _____

   Amessage  Bletter

   Csentence Dnotice

   【简析】从if从句可知主句的意思是让他们留言

   故选A

   3Could I drop in at your house after the concert or would that be too late

   【考点】or用于构成选择疑问句,内容相同的部分可以省略。如所选择的各项中的成分不相同,则不能省略,这样就要连接两个一般疑问句。

   【考例】Would you like a cup of coffee _____ shall we get down to business right away

   Aand  Bthen

   Cor  Dotherwise

   【简析】用or来连接两个一般疑问句,表示从中选择其一。故选C

   4Don't remind him

   【考点】remind常接宾语从句或用于remind sbabout sth.结构,意为提醒某人(注意或别忘记)某事;还常用于remind sbof sth./sb.结构,意为使某人想起或回忆起某事/某人

   【考例】What he said just now _____ me of that American professor

   Amentioned  Binformed

   Creminded   Dmemorized

   【简析】句中的结构为“Vsb.+of sbmention(意为提到、提及)和memorize(意为记住)通常不用于此结构。inform sbof sth.意为通知某人某事,与全句语意不合。本句意为:他刚才所说的使我想起那位美国教授。故选C

   5—Goodnesssix zerosWhat can I say

   It's my pleasure

   【考点】It's my pleasure.是用来应答别人对自己表示感谢或谢意的礼貌用语,意为不必客气(我很乐意能帮上你的忙),也可以用It was my a pleasure.或省略为My pleasure.或A pleasure

   【考例1—It's been a wonderful eveningThank you very much

       _____

   AMy pleasure   BI'm sorry to hear that

   CNothanks    DIt's OK

   【简析】应用My pleasure.来应答对方的Thank you very much.。故选A

   【考例2—Thanks for the lovely party and the delicious food

        —_____

   ANothanks  BNever mind

   CAll right   DMy pleasure

   【简析】同理,应选D